of Lemurs (Prosimians)
The Lemurs of Madagascar are one of the most critically endangered and one of
the oldest species on Earth. This
WORLD currently features three species/subspecies of Lemurs.
Common Name: Black and
White Ruffed Lemur
Genus/Species: Varecia variegata variegata
The island of Madagascar. A
population of black-and-white ruffed lemurs was introduced and continues to
reside on the small island of Nosy Mangebe.
The black-and-white ruffed lemur dwells mainly in the eastern rainforest of
Madagascar. They are separated from the red ruffed lemur population by the
Antainambalana River. The ruffed (both red and black-and-white) lemurs are tree
dwellers and are the most arboreal of the true lemurs.
Physical appearance may slightly vary depending on geographic area. Black-and-white ruffed lemurs are among the larger of the true lemurs, weighing
between 8 and 12 pounds. They have a long bushy tail, a neck ruff or mane, a
fox-like muzzle and thick fur.
Black-and-white ruffed lemurs can give birth to up to 5 young. They breed
seasonally, and gestation is just 102 days. The female does not carry her
infants but rather builds a nest where she stays with them for almost two weeks.
If the female needs to move the infants, she does so by carrying them in her
STATUS in Natural Habitat:
Field studies suggest that black-and-white ruffed lemurs, like red ruffed
lemurs, may be found in monogamous pairs or in loosely organized groups.
Individuals scattered about the dense forest communicate through loud booming
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