of Cranes (Gruiformes)
Cranes are one of the oldest of all living things dating back millions of years. In this WORLD, Cranes are represented
by three species, considered tallest and most beautiful of all cranes.
Common Name: Sarus
Genus/Species: Grus antigone
Northern India, east to Burma,
on the Malay Peninsula, in Indo-Chinese countries and in northern Australia.
Open landscapes, extensive marshy areas, low moors, rifts, bogs and the
land-fills along the shores of lakes and ponds.
Physical appearance may slightly vary depending on geographic area.
Males are larger than Females but otherwise identical in appearance. Head, throat and neck are bare. Crown is smooth and pale
ashy-green. The rest of the bare portion is
orange-red in color, becoming much deeper and brighter in color during mating
season. The bare areas are also covered with long, black hair like bristles. A small patch of bluish gray feathers
is found over the ears. A ring of
white feathers stretches between the bare neck and the gray feathers farther
down. The color of the body ranges
from bluish-gray to lighter gray. In young, the entire head and neck are covered
in buff colored feathers.
Strong pair bond, mates for life.
Male and Female build nest together, usually eggs incubated for 31 to 36 days by
Female at night and Male during the day.
Flight stage at 10 to 12 weeks and young stay with adults for 10 to 12
months. Parents seldom raise more
than one young under natural conditions.
It has been observed that when raised
in captivity young cranes will not attack each other, allowing the parents to
raise more than one chick at a time.
STATUS in Natural Habitat:
Threatened to endangered in their natural habitat.
The world's tallest flying birds, some of the largest specimens may reach a
height of 7 feet with an 8 to 9 foot wing span.
Sarus cranes have a life span up to 80 years.
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