of Cougars (Purring Cats)
Genus/Species: Puma concolor
From southern Canada south to Patagonia in southern South America. Found from
sea level to 16,000 feet.
Typical habitat is steep, rocky canyon country but can also be found in jungle
swamp areas and desert plains. Known to live in temperatures of ‑40 degrees to 100+ degrees.
Physical appearance may slightly vary depending on geographic area. Males are
larger than females, otherwise appearance is similar. Adult males are
7-9 feet long, including the tail. Males weigh approximately 140-200 pounds,
females 85-125 pounds. Cougars are light brown, tawny, and in a few cases,
black; spots on side of muzzle; dark hair on tail tip; lighter on underparts.
They have acute vision and hearing. Ears are round and erect and move to focus
Breeding is non‑seasonal with most births occurring in summer. Females usually have young every
other year. Two or three (but sometimes 6) cubs are born after a gestation
period of 91 ‑ 95 days. Cubs are weaned at 4 ‑ 6 weeks, accompany the mother in her home range for about 2 years,
then disperse into a broader range as "floaters" in search of unoccupied
STATUS in Natural Habitat:
Threatened to Endangered depending on geographic region
Cougars have over 200 names because they inhabit the largest geographical region
of any other cat in the World. Other
names for the cougar include: mountain lion, panther, puma, catamount, American
lion, screamer, painted cat and fire cat.
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