World of Macaws
Macaws are considered to be the most intelligent of all birds and are called by
many biologists the FLYING PRIMATES. This WORLD specializes in eight species/subspecies
of Large Macaws.
Common Name: Blue and Gold Macaw
Genus/Species: Ara ararauna
From eastern Panama across a vast area of northern South America, to Bolivia, Paraguay
and most parts of Brazil.
Wooded riparian zones, swamps, virgin forests and savannas.
Macaws congregate on riverbanks in the jungle.
Parrots are tree species, their slow waddling gait on the ground makes them
vulnerable to predators. The birds do not light on the ground until their group
numbers 30 or more. The largest home range of the Macaws in South America.
Physical appearance may slightly vary depending on geographic area. Regardless
of size, all macaws are characterized by strong beaks, long pointed tails, loud
voices, and a facial area of bare skin called the cheek patch.
They signal anger or unease by blushing.
The cheek patch in the Blue and Gold is adorned with a line of single black
feathers in a stitchery like pattern.
Head, back, and wings are blue and the chest and body up to the eye is gold. The tail feather is blue on the top
and gold underneath. There is a patch of black under the chin. Their tongue is all
They generally lay their two or three eggs in a two-day interval.
The incubation period is from 21 to 28 days. All macaws are devoted family
birds, mating for life and looking after their young even after they are grown. They are altricial at birth.
The young are vigorous even when young.
The little macaws beg for food by flinging their wings and giving loud
cries. The parent responds by grasping
baby's beak at an angle; the young bird pumps away, taking food from the parent's
crop into its own. The most disturbing discovery made about macaws is their low
reproductive capacity in the wild.
There may be as few as 15 to 25 young born each year to a group of 100 breeding
pairs. They do not breed annually.
STATUS in Natural Habitat:
Threatened to Endangered in their natural habitat.
Blue and Gold Macaws are considered more alert, intelligent, inquiring, mischievous
and better at imitating human speech than some of the other Macaws.
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